In accordance with the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), acne cases are a result of four factors: an overabundance of oil, clogged pores, inflammation and bacteria. The acne cycle starts when extra oil blocks the pores creating the outer lining of the epidermis. Bacteria grow inside the oil and irritate your tissues. You’ll develop whiteheads or blackheads if the blocked oil is close to the surface. Deeper blockages cause pimples, and oil way beneath the surface may cause a pus-filled cyst. Dermatologist-recommended acne cures address more than one aspects of this acne cycle.
Since excess scrubbing can irritate the facial skin and then make acne worse, the AAD recommends washing your facial skin 1-2 times every day by using a mild face cleaner and lukewarm water. Choose oil-free products that don’t clog pores if you use makeup. The label will repeat the item is non-comedogenic or non-acnegenic. While acne isn’t brought on by specific foods, avoid any foods that appear to help make your acne symptoms worse, dermatologists say.
lotions, creams and solutions. Mayo Clinic experts say the products are usually available over-the-counter, and contain ingredients including benzoylantibiotics and peroxide, salicylic acid or retinoids that dry up excess oil, kill bacteria, and help remove old skin debris.
Moderate to Severe Acne
Oral antibiotics are the most effective choice for moderate to severe acne, in addition to acne that doesn’t answer topical treatments and acne that requires large parts of the body, says AAD. Some popular antibiotics for acne include tetracycline, minocycline and doxycycline. Occasionally, your medical professional may recommend a mixture of oral antibiotics and topical products. The AAD also says some oral contraceptives, or birth control pills, might be effective against moderate to severe acne in ladies.
Isotretinoin is the only medication approved by the U.S, according to the AAD. Drug and Food Administration for severe method of acne that triggers pus-filled cysts. You must register with the FDA’s iPLEDGE monitoring program before your doctor can prescribe the drug, because this drug causes severe birth defects if a woman takes it during pregnancy.
An individual with serious acne may benefit from laser treatments that damage the oil-producing glands that start the acne cycle or from light-based therapies that attack bacteria, according to the Mayo Clinic. Some dermatologists offer chemical peels and microdermabrasion to get rid of acne lesions.
Mayo Clinic experts list numerous procedures to take care of severe scarring from acne. Your physician may inject a soft tissue filler including collagen within your skin to create the scar less noticeable, perform dermabrasion to get rid of the very best layer of skin using a rotating wire brush or resurface the facial skin by using a laser, source of light or radiofrequency waves. Occasionally, a surgeon may get rid of the scarred section of skin and close it with stitches or even a skin graft.